Burgundy is the top European region for Pinot Noir and Chardonnay. Pinot is a famously finicky grape, often leaving winemakers flummoxed. But Burgundy has just the right conditions to bring it to marvelous fruition. The elegant, rich Pinots produced here top every list of the world’s most expensive red wines. With more than 90 AOCs, Burgundy appellations are a world unto themselves; at the most basic level, it helps to remember that the central region for red wine is the Côte de Nuits. White wine is produced in the Côte de Beaune and Chablis, where Chardonnay is brought to a richness and complexity rarely seen in other regions. Within each of these, Burgundy is the home of many complex terroirs made up of tiny vineyard parcels that vary significantly from one another.

Read more about Burgundy, its history, varietals, appellations here.